Information about North American Indian Thought and Culture

      Release 5, June 2007

1. About the Database - a description of the contents of the database and its purpose.
2. Editorial Policy - criteria used in selecting materials.
3. Release Schedule - when the database is released.
4. Errata - known typographical and software errors to be fixed next release.
5. Software Requirements - notes on which browsers are supported.
6. Technical Support - whom to contact for technical support.
7. Subscription and Free Trial Information - how to get a subscription or a trial.
8. License Agreement - licensing terms and conditions.
9. Acknowledgements - charter customers and individuals who contributed.
10. How to Contribute Materials or Comments - how to contribute materials.
11. Copyright and Performance Permission Statement - copyright terms and conditions.
12. Archiving - how this material is preserved for the future.
13. Cataloging Records - what kind of MARC records will be available for this collection.

1.   About North American Indian Thought and Culture

This fifth release of North American Indian Thought and Culture includes over 57,000 pages of new material, including 112 volumes from the Indian Pioneer History Collection compiled by the U.S. Works Progress Administration. New and current full-length biographies include works on Quanah Parker, Dennis Banks, Susan La Flesche Picotte, Cochise, Jim Thorpe, Crowfoot, Peter Pitchlynn, Sacajawea, Geronimo, Hosteen Klah, Black Elk, Pocahontas, George Washington Grayson, Standing Buffalo, and many more. More than twenty volumes covering chiefs of various nations are now included, as well as a modern edition of the collected speeches of Sitting Bull. The Center for Indigenous Arts & Cultures' five-volume encyclopedia on American Indian Artists has been added ("American Indian Art Series"), and the recent publication, American Indian Biographies (Salem Press, 2005) also adds many contemporary names to the collection.

When complete, the database will represent the largest compilation ever created of biographical information on indigenous peoples from all areas of North America. With 100,000 pages of content, including biographies, autobiographies, oral histories, reference works, manuscripts, and photographs, the database presents the life stories of American Indians and Canadian First Peoples in their own words and through the words of others. Much of the material is previously unpublished, rare, or hard to find.

This release contains many seminal reference works, including the complete volumes of Edward Curtis's The North American Indian and the McKenney-Hall History of the Indian Tribes of North America volumes, and J. Norman Heard's five volumes of the Handbook of the American Frontier. Virtually all North American regions and groups will be represented in depth, including the Eskimos and Inuit of the Arctic; the sub-Arctic Cree; the Pacific Coastal Salish; the Ojibwa, Cheyenne, and Sioux of the Plains; the Luiseno, Pomo, and Miwok of California; the Apache, Navajo, and Hopi of the Southwest; the Creek and Cherokee of the Southeast; the Peqout, Iroquois, and Seneca of the Northeast; the Metis and Nez Perce of the Great Plateau; and peoples of other regions. Nearly 500 nations are represented in all.

The database is dedicated to telling the life stories of both the well-known historical figures such as Pocahontas and Sitting Bull, and also the lesser-known men and women whose day-to-day experiences give an equally valuable portrayal of Indian culture.

The collection is comprised of material that covers the entire history of North America; from 17th century accounts of the first encounters involving Indians and European colonists to the stories of aboriginals living in a 21st century world. Every stage of life is represented—birth, adolescence, adulthood, and death. Future releases will contain a comprehensive index of the entire Doris Duke Indian Oral History project that is held at the seven repository universities across the United States. For the first time, researchers will be able search the subject matter discussed in those oral histories as well as cross-reference it with other materials in the database.

The collection presents the entire spectrum of native peoples' experiences from their own point of view. Firsthand accounts reveal how Indians lived, thought, and fought to protect their interests; how the tribes interacted with each other and the white invaders; how they reacted to the constantly changing and challenging situations they faced; and how they struggled to maintain their cultures while living in a society that often expects them to abandon it for acculturation. Many of the biographies are about Indians pursuing their everyday lives and reflecting on what was happening to them. These accounts offer a direct window on Indian attitudes toward the earliest European settlers and the resultant transformations that took place, first as trade was established and later as displacement forced tribes into unfamiliar territories.

North American Indian Thought and Culture integrates these writings, images, and oral histories for the first time, providing a comprehensive representation of key events as described by the people directly involved. As such, it is an essential resource for all those interested in serious, scholarly research into the history of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Peoples.


Stephen Rhind-Tutt,
President, Alexander Street Press, LLC.

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2.   Editorial Policy

Several bibliographies were consulted in creating the database, and content selection is under the direction of our editors and advisors. The following are some of the titles that were consulted while working on the North American Indian Thought and Culture:

  • Handbook of North American Indians, William C. Strutevant, ed. Smithsonian Institution, 1978-2004.
  • American Indian Women: a guide to research by Gretchen M. Bataille, Kathleen M. Sands, and Catherine Udall. Garland Publishing, 1991.
  • An Annotated Bibliography of American Indian and Eskimo Autobiographies by H. David Brumble III. University of Nebraska Press, 1981.
  • Annotated Bibliography of the Literature on American Indians Published in State Historical Society Publications: New England and Middle Atlantic States by Arlene B. Hirschfelder. Kraus International Publications, 1982.
  • American Indian and Eskimo Authors by Arlene B. Hirschfelder. Association on American Indian Affairs, 1973.
  • Many Nations: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Indian and Alaska Native Peoples of the United States. Edited by Patrick Frazier and the Publishing office of the Library of Congress. Washington, D.C., 1996.
  • A Biobibliography of Native American Writers, 1772-1924 by Daniel F. Littlfield, Jr., and James W. Parins, eds. The Scarecrow Press, 1981.
  • A Biobibliography of Native American Writers, 1772-1924—a Supplement by Daniel F. Littlfield, Jr., and James W. Parins, eds. The Scarecrow Press, 1985
  • Native Americans: an annotated bibliography by Frederick E. Hoxie and Harvey Markowitz. Salem Press, 1991.
  • Indians of the United States and Canada: a bibliography by Dwight L. Smith (ed.). ABC-Clio, 1983.
  • Guide to Research on North American Indians by Arlene B. Hirschfelder, Mary Gloyne Byler, and Michael A. Dorris. American Library Association, 1983.

A scholarly editorial board assisted in the creation of this collection:

H. David Brumble III, Professor of English, University of Pittsburgh.

H. David Brumble's main teaching interests are late Medieval and Renaissance literature. In addition, Brumble teaches the Bible as Literature and a course on Warrior Culture Narratives. He has published five books, including two on American Indian autobiography and three on Medieval and Renaissance literature. Another book, The Bible in Cross-Cultural Perspective, is forthcoming. He has taken students to 28 countries, mostly in the developing world. In addition, he received the Chancellor's Distinguished Teaching Award in 1987.

Arlene B. Hirschfelder is the author of numerous books and articles on Native Americans including Happily May I Walk: American Indians and Alaska Natives Today (for which she won the 1987 Carter G. Woodson Book Award from the National Council for the Social Studies). In 1989 she received Colorado State University's Native American Service Award. She served on the staff of the Association on American Indian Affairs for more than 20 years. An educational consultant specializing in Native American Studies, she also taught at the New School for Social Research in New York City. She holds an M.A. from the University of Chicago and currently lives and writes in Teaneck, New Jersey.

Dr. Lotsee Patterson, Professor of Library and Information Studies, University of Oklahoma, An enrolled member of the Comanche tribe, Dr. Patterson is one of the founders of the American Indian Library Association and has served as its president. Dr. Patterson has worked on a number of committees in various organizations. She co-chaired the Native American Pre-Conference to the 1991 White House Conference on Libraries and Information Services. She has served on ALA's Council, the Committee on Accreditation, the American Association of School Librarians (AASL's) Board of Directors, and currently serves on the ALA's Office of Literacy and Outreach Services (OLOS) Advisory Committee. Dr. Patterson's awards include the Oklahoma Library Association's Distinguished Service Award, the United States National Commission on Libraries and Information Science's Silver Award, the ALA Equality Award, and the Beta Phi Mu award for distinguished service to education in librarianship. Best known for her work in developing tribal libraries for the past 30 years, Dr. Patterson continues to work with tribes throughout the United States and with indigenous librarians around the globe.

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3.    Release Schedule

North American Indian Thought and Culture will be released on a semiannual schedule.

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4.    Errata

The Doris Duke Collection at Urbana Champaign link has changed since our last update. To access the site, please go to the repository website.
Please report any errors to

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5.   Software Requirements

This product is tested in the current and previous version of the following browsers and plugins:

Windows: Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer, Firefox and Google Chrome

Mac OS X: Safari, Firefox and Google Chrome

Note: Adobe does not offer the plugin required to view .PDF files in a web browser for Firefox. Adobe Reader plugin is only available for Safari. However, users will be able to download .PDF files to their computer using Firefox. For best performance, Adobe Reader 10 is recommended in order to view PDFs. Audio and video resources are accessible with Adobe Flash Player 9 or higher.

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6.    Technical Support

You can contact us by:

When reporting a problem please include your customer name, e-mail address, phone number, domain name or IP address and that of your web proxy server if used.

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7.    Subscription and Free Trial Information

North American Indian Thought and Culture is available for one-time purchase of perpetual access, or as an annual subscription. Please contact us at if you wish to begin a subscription or to request a free 30-day trial.

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8.    License Agreement

1. THE PARTIES: "Customer" means the person(s) and/or organization that have ordered or are taking a trial of the Product(s) as listed in Appendix A. The location listed in Appendix A is the "Site." "ASP" means Alexander Street Press, LLC, whose registered offices are situated at 38 Alexander Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314. "IP" means the owners of copyright in the original materials that form part of the Product(s).

2. USER LICENSE: This Agreement constitutes a non-exclusive, non-transferable license to use the Product(s) listed in Appendix B. The Product(s) include(s) the data, any accompanying search and retrieval software, the documentation, and any accompanying tapes or disks.

3. AUTHORIZED USE: Subject to the restrictions contained in Article 5 below, the Customer is hereby granted a non-exclusive license to use the Product(s) in way that is consistent with U.S. Fair Use Provisions and international law, and to make limited numbers of hard or electronic copies for research, education, or other non-commercial use only; for more extended use, the Customer must obtain prior consent in writing from ASP or the relevant IP.

The Customer's rights are limited to itself alone and do not extend to subsidiary or parent corporations, or to any other related or affiliated organizations. Any rights not expressly granted in this license are reserved to ASP.

4. RESTRICTIONS: The Customer may not decompile or reverse engineer the Product(s); modify or create a derivative work; remove, obscure, or modify copyright notices; sell, distribute or commercially exploit the Product(s); or transfer, assign or sublicense this license.

5. AUTHORIZED USERS: Authorized Users are the Customer's currently enrolled full- or part-time students, employees, faculty, staff, affiliated researchers, distance learners, visiting scholars, and walk-in patrons who are physically present at the Site. The Product(s) may be used by the licensed number of simultaneous users for which the Customer has paid.

6. DELIVERY / ACCESS: The Product(s) will be stored at one or more locations in digital form. If the Customer has paid for an annual Web subscription, Authorized Users will be granted access to these location(s). If the Customer has purchased perpetual access to the Product(s), ASP will provide the Customer with the data contained in the Product(s) on a CD-ROM or magnetic tape, which the Customer can either archive or load onto a local server to be accessed by the Customer's search and retrieval software.

7. CUSTOMER SUPPORT: ASP will offer reasonable levels of continuing support via email, phone or fax, during normal business hours, for feedback, problem-solving, or general questions. Any technical assistance that ASP may provide to the Customer is provided at the sole risk of the Customer. The Customer shall name one (1) technical support staff person (listed in Appendix A).

8. PRICING AND TERM: The price of the Product(s) and term of use are specified in a separate agreement letter and may be renegotiated periodically. ASP will provide web access at the start of the term for which the Customer has paid the initial subscription fee. The term will be extended to all periods for which the Customer has paid. In the event that ASP and the Customer mutually agree to an updated version of this Agreement, the updated version shall replace this version. ASP reserves the right to cease offering the Customer the opportunity to renew a subscription.

9. PRODUCT UPDATES: The Customer will receive updates to the Product(s) for which the appropriate fee has been paid. If the Customer fails to comply with any of its responsibilities under this Agreement, the Customer may be denied any and all future updates, without precluding ASP from seeking any other remedies.

10. PERFORMANCE: ASP will use reasonable efforts to ensure that its servers have sufficient capacity and rate of connectivity to provide the Customer with a quality of service comparable to current standards in the online information provision industry in the Customer's locale. ASP will use reasonable efforts to provide continuous service with an average of 28 days of up-time per month. Scheduled down-time will be performed at low-usage times.

11. LIMITATION OF WARRANTIES AND LIABILITY: ASP warrants that any tape or disk licensed hereunder is free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use. ASP will replace defective tapes and disks free of charge upon their return to ASP. This will be ASP's and the IP's entire liability with respect to this license. ASP and the IPs warrant and represent that they have the right to enter into this Agreement and to deliver the Product(s) "as is."

These warranties are in lieu of any and all other warranties, written or oral, express or implied, including without limitation, warranties of merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose, all of which ASP disclaims. In no event will ASP be liable for more than the license fee paid (whether such liability arises from breach of warranty, breach of this contract or otherwise, and whether in contract or in tort, including negligence and strict liability).

12. TERMINATION: If the Customer breaches any term of this Agreement, ASP may, in addition to its other legal rights and remedies, terminate this license on 7 days written notice to Customer, if Customer has not remedied the breach within the 7 days. Upon any termination, the Customer will forthwith return to ASP the Product(s) and all copies thereof, and will erase all electronic storage of copies of the Product(s). Any termination, whether or not pursuant to this Article 13, will not affect any obligation or liability of a party arising prior to termination, and the provisions of Articles 12 will survive any termination.

13. FORCE MAJEURE: Neither ASP nor the IP will be responsible for any delay or failure in performance resulting from any cause beyond their control.

14. APPLICABLE LAW: This Agreement will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Virginia without giving effect to the principles of conflict of laws thereof, and to the extent permitted by applicable law, the Customer consents to the jurisdiction of courts situated in Virginia in any action arising under this Agreement.

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20. SEVERABILITY: If a term or condition of this Agreement is invalid or unenforceable, the remaining terms and conditions hereof shall remain in full force and effect and shall be enforceable to the maximum extent permitted by law.

Appendix A

  • The Customer is XXXX
  • The Site is XXXXX
  • Authorized Users are the Customer's currently enrolled full-time or part-time students, employees, faculty, staff, affiliated researchers, distance learners, visiting scholars, and walk-in patrons who are physically present at the Site.
  • Nominated technical support staff is XXXXX

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9.    Acknowledgements

Many thanks go to our advisors: H. David Brumble III, Arlene Hirschfelder, and Dr. Lotsee Patterson, as well as to the many publishers and individual authors who have provided material, feedback, and great enthusiasm in support of the project. We are grateful, as well, to everyone at the seven repository universities of the Duke Collection for providing material for the index. Lastly, we would like to acknowledge the valuable advice of Susan Penfield and Garry Forger, Ken Wade, and Elizabeth Castle.

And the Following People From ASP:

Arlene Hirschfelder - Advisor Author & Educational Consultant
Lotsee Patterson - Advisor Professor, University of Oklahoma
H. David Brumble, III Professor, University of Pittsburgh
Will Whalen Editorial and Licensing
Maura Walz Editorial and Licensing
Wendi Slagle Editorial and Licensing, Indexing
Michael Kangal Sourcing and Data Acquisition
Jeff Hurt Digitization
Pat Carlson Production
Danielle Hatfield Quality Control
Niki Dowdell Quality Control
Ning Zhu Software Development
Graham Dimmock Software Development
Sheryl Hill Lead Indexer
Elizabeth Rossick Indexing
Christine Murray Indexing
Sean Young Indexing
Zoshia Minto Data Processing
Chrystal Sterling Data Processing
Young Park Data Processing
Lauren Adams Data Processing

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10.    How to Contribute Materials or Comments

Our goal is to create a unique archive of North American Indian Thought and Culture according to the editorial criteria expressed above. We welcome contributions from organizations and individuals, especially if you have materials that are unpublished or of unique interest. Submitting materials to our editors is easy and without obligation on your part. If you have collections of substantial value, we may be able to pay you a royalty in return for the rights to use them.

  • To submit materials for inclusion in North American Indian Thought and Culture, please email the Editor at or mail them to Alexander Street Press, 3212 Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314.
  • If you are a commercial publisher who would like to discuss licensing materials for inclusion in the database, please contact the Editor at or 1-800-889-5937 or 1-703-212-8522.
  • To report factual errors or to suggest improvements, please email us at Please include the author, the document, and the page number. Please also include your email address, so that we can let you know the status of your correction.

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11.    Copyright

Works in this database are fully protected under the copyright laws of the United States of America, and all other countries covered by International Copyright Union (including the British Commonwealth and Canada), and of all countries covered by the Pan-American Copyright Convention, and the Universal Copyright Convention, and of all countries with which the United States has reciprocal copyright relations. All rights, including but not limited to professional, amateur, motion pictures, recitation, lecturing, public reading, radio broadcasting, television, video or sound taping, all other forms of mechanical or electronic reproduction, including information storage and retrieval systems and photocopying, and the rights of translation into foreign languages, are strictly reserved. Specific rights information for each work can be found in the bibliographic detail display for that work.

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12.    Archiving

Texts produced for North American Indian Thought and Culture are considered research materials and receive the same level of stewardship as books, paper documents, and photographs. Once complete, copies of the database will be given to all purchasing institutions, so ensuring that the materials are available to subsequent generations.

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13.    Cataloging Records

We will be making MARC records available for this collection. Each reference book will be given its own MARC record to allow linking directly from the OPAC to the individual item. This will enable patrons to link directly from a public access catalog to all documents pertaining to that author.

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